Allah Ta’ala revealed every heavenly book and the language of the messengers in their own nation’s language and showed mercy and grace to those nations. So that those nations will not be unable to understand the commands and teachings of Allah. Because the Qur’an was revealed to the Arabs, so, the Qur’an appeared in the Arabic language. But Allah made the Qur’an a Source of Guidance for the whole world. [Q-06:90].
Because the language of all the world is not Arabic, therefore those who are not Arabs or unable to understand the Arabic language. They should hypothetically adopt two methods for reading and teaching the Qur’an.
1. The first is that……
In order to know Allah and His commandments and seek guidance, should read and teach the Qur’an in one’s mother tongue or the language they understand very well. So that they understand the power of Allah, His commandments and the greatness of the Qur’an and follow them.
2. The second is that……
Quran should be read in Arabic also. So that they can enjoy God’s writing and his expression of style Although it does not understand.
May Allah grant all living beings the ability to read and teach the Qur’an in both ways up to the living world.
Allah Almighty repeatedly says in the Qur’an that can the blind and the sighted be equal? No way. Here the blind is those who can see but cannot understand. And those with vision are those who, though their eyes are blind, but know the truth.
Allah says in Qur’an 3:38, “This Qur’an is just a statement for the people and a guidance and admonition for those who fear.”
Here, “statement” means that! Not understanding the Qur’an after reading or listening [that is, listening or reading in a language that is not understood]. So, this is just a statement. And “guidance for those who fear” means that! Only when he understands he will be afraid and if he is afraid, he will get guidance [that is, if he studies in his own language then he will also understand].
رَّبِّ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ مِنۡ ھَمَزٰتِ الشَّیٰطِیۡنِ ۙ وَ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ رَبِّ اَنۡ یَّحۡضُرُوۡن ؕ۔
بِسۡمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِۙ۔
فَاِذَا قَرَاۡتَ الۡقُرۡاٰنَ فَاسۡتَعِذۡ بِاللّٰہِ مِنَ الشَّیۡطٰنِ الرَّجِیۡمِ (۹٨) اِنَّہٗ لَیۡسَ لَہٗ سُلۡطٰنٌ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَلٰی رَبِّھِمۡ یَتَوَکَّلُوۡنَ (٩٩)۔
So, when you want to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, The outcast (the cursed one). 98. Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah).99”
Ask for the refuge of your Lord before you read the Quran.
رَّبِّ اَعُوۡذُ بِكَ مِنۡ هَمَزٰتِ الشَّيٰطِيۡنِۙ (۹۷) وَاَعُوۡذُ بِكَ رَبِّ اَنۡ يَّحۡضُرُوۡنِ (۹۸)۔
“My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils). “And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they may attend (or come near) me.” 97-98”
بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ۔
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful; 30″
Allah’s command to read the Quran.
اِقۡرَاۡ بِاسۡمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِىۡ خَلَقَۚ (۱) خَلَقَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مِنۡ عَلَقٍۚ (۲) اِقۡرَاۡ وَرَبُّكَ الۡاَكۡرَمُۙ (۳) الَّذِىۡ عَلَّمَ بِالۡقَلَمِۙ (۴) عَلَّمَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مَا لَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡؕ (۵)۔
Read! In the Name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, who has taught (the writing) by the pen [the first person to write was Prophet Idrees (Enoch)], Has taught man that which he knew not. 1-5”
اُتۡلُ مَاۤ اُوۡحِىَ اِلَيۡكَ مِنَ الۡكِتٰبِ (۴۵)۔
Recite (O Muhammad ﷺ) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’an),45”
Read the Qur’an to seek guidance from your Lord.
وَاَنۡ اَتۡلُوَا الۡقُرۡاٰنَۚ فَمَنِ اهۡتَدٰى فَاِنَّمَا يَهۡتَدِىۡ لِنَفۡسِهٖۚ وَمَنۡ ضَلَّ فَقُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا مِنَ الۡمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ (۹۲)۔
And to recite the Qur’an, so whosoever receives guidance, receives it for the good of his ownself, and whosoever goes astray, say (to him): “I am only one of the warners.”92”
اِنَّ الَّذِيۡنَ يَتۡلُوۡنَ كِتٰبَ اللّٰهِ وَاَقَامُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَاَنۡفَقُوۡا مِمَّا رَزَقۡنٰهُمۡ سِرًّا وَّعَلَانِيَةً يَّرۡجُوۡنَ تِجَارَةً لَّنۡ تَبُوۡرَۙ (۲۹)۔
Verily, those who recite the Book of Allah (this Qur’an) and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. 29
Time to read the Quran.
وَقُرۡاٰنَ الۡـفَجۡرِؕ اِنَّ قُرۡاٰنَ الۡـفَجۡرِ كَانَ مَشۡهُوۡدًا (۷۸)۔
And the recital of dawn; surely the recital of dawn is witnessed. (attended by the angels.).
Method of reading the Quran.
وَرَتِّلِ الۡقُرۡاٰنَ تَرۡتِيۡلًا ؕ (۴)۔
And recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style. 4”
وَقَالَ الَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوۡا لَوۡلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيۡهِ الۡـقُرۡاٰنُ جُمۡلَةً وَّاحِدَةً ۚ كَذٰلِكَ ۚ لِنُثَبِّتَ بِهٖ فُـؤَادَكَ وَرَتَّلۡنٰهُ تَرۡتِيۡلًا (۳۲)۔
And those who disbelieve say: “Why is not the Qur’an revealed to him all at once?” Thus (it is sent down in parts), that We may strengthen your heart thereby. And We have revealed it to you gradually, in stages. (It was revealed to the Prophet ﷺ in 23 years.).32”
وَقُرۡاٰنًا فَرَقۡنٰهُ لِتَقۡرَاَهٗ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلٰى مُكۡثٍ وَّنَزَّلۡنٰهُ تَنۡزِيۡلًا (۱۰۶)۔
And (it is) a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts), in order that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have revealed it by stages. (in 23 years). 106”
A command to listen to the Quran.
وَاِذَا قُرِئَ الۡقُرۡاٰنُ فَاسۡتَمِعُوۡا لَهٗ وَاَنۡصِتُوۡا لَعَلَّكُمۡ تُرۡحَمُوۡنَ (۲۰۴)۔
So, when the Quran is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy. 204”