The Creator created man. And wanted! That people should be grateful to their creator (Q-51:56). And ordered to follow the rules and regulations. But man rejected the commandments and indulged in evil deeds. Allah loves man. Therefore, he chose some specific people from among the people of each nation to lead the people on the right path. (Q-35:24). And these special people had called Messengers or Prophets. The purpose of the prophets was to guide lost people to the right path.
Allah sent the commands to the Messengers (Prophets) through revelation. And commanded the Messengers! That they should make people recognize their creator. And purify them from oppression and disbelief.
Many scriptures and four books (the Torah, the Injeel, Zaboor, and the Qur’an) came into being from the commands that came through revelation.
Allah took a covenant from all the Messengers, that they should deliver the proofs and books that were revealed to them to the people. (Q-5: 67, 16: 44, 33: 7-8). And follow him self too that which has been revealed to them. (Q-6: 50 and 106).
Every Messenger from Hazrat Adam (A.S.) to the last Messenger Muhammad (S.A.W.) had this goal. That apart from other inanimate gods, invite people to worship that one God. (Q-21: 25). That the one who created these universes in six days. (According to the earth time Six thosands Yea). And created the jinn and the humans.
- Allah gave the Messengers leadership in both the world and the hereafter.
- Commandments of the Messengers for the children of Adam.
- The purpose of sending the Messengers.
- The instrument of you ﷺ and all the Messengers.
- Allah orders to Messenger to make his position clear.
- Surely the Messenger (prophet) is special. But they were human.
- Messengers were chosen in their national language only.
- Messengers (A.S) conveyed the message of Allah to every nation of the world.
- Prophethood was given only to men.
- Messengers are also ordered to follow the revelations revealed to them.
- Messengers are not responsible for their community.
- [A] Worldly Headship of Messengers: -
- (B) Headship of Messengers in the Hereafter: -
- There is no use of force in religion.
- A sunnat from start to finish. But the update in Law & Order.
Allah gave the Messengers leadership in both the world and the hereafter.
Worldly Headship: –
- To guide people and show them the way of guidance. (Q-13: 30).
- To make people recognize their true Lord that God is One. (Q-2: 255).
- Conveying Allah’s commands and rules. (Q-13: 30).
- To establish justice and fairness. (Q-6: 51).
Headship of the Hereafter: –
- So that after the coming of the Messengers, people will not have a chance to accuse God. (Quran-4: 165). That is, no polytheist or hypocrite can say this on the day of Divine. That we did not know a God alone. Otherwise, we would have worshiped a God alone. And we do not make Devil our friend.
- All the Messengers or Prophets (peace be upon them) will be witnesses on the Divine Day. That he had conveyed the message of Allah to the people. (Q-4: 41 to 42, 16: 89).
- A matter of intercession. Those persons who died in a god’s faith. In order to forgive their sins and enter Paradise, Allah Almighty will appoint them to intercede with the Messengers or Prophets. That is, every Messenger will have the right to intercede only for those people whose intercession will be accepted by Allah Ta’ala. (Q-34:23, 2:255).
Intercession is a topic that causes a person to commit shirk and disbelief knowingly or unknowingly. Therefore, God willing, we will try to shed light on its details separately in the future.
Allah Ta’ala did not mandatory this on any prophet. That they should force people to bring them to the truth. (Q-50: 45). However, it was mandatory that the people you could reach. Invite them to the truth. Then whether they take the right path or remain in error. (Q-27: 92, 6: 48). Because Allah guides whom He wills and leads astray whom He wills. (Q-14: 4).
رَّبِّ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ مِنۡ ھَمَزٰتِ الشَّیٰطِیۡنِ ۙ وَ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ رَبِّ اَنۡ یَّحۡضُرُوۡن ؕ۔
بِسۡمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِۙ۔
Commandments of the Messengers for the children of Adam.
يٰبَنِىۡۤ اٰدَمَ اِمَّا يَاۡتِيَنَّكُمۡ رُسُلٌ مِّنۡكُمۡ يَقُصُّوۡنَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ اٰيٰتِىۡۙ فَمَنِ اتَّقٰى وَاَصۡلَحَ فَلَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يَحۡزَنُوۡنَ (۳۵) وَالَّذِيۡنَ كَذَّبُوۡا بِاٰيٰتِنَا وَاسۡتَكۡبَرُوۡا عَنۡهَاۤ اُولٰۤٮِٕكَ اَصۡحٰبُ النَّارِۚ هُمۡ فِيۡهَا خٰلِدُوۡنَ (۳۶)۔
O Children of Adam! If there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting to you, My Verses, then whosoever becomes pious and righteous, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 35. But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire, they will abide therein forever. 36.
يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اٰمِنُوۡا بِاللّٰهِ وَرَسُوۡلِهٖ وَالۡكِتٰبِ الَّذِىۡ نَزَّلَ عَلٰى رَسُوۡلِهٖ وَالۡكِتٰبِ الَّذِىۡۤ اَنۡزَلَ مِنۡ قَبۡلُؕ وَمَنۡ يَّكۡفُرۡ بِاللّٰهِ وَمَلٰٓٮِٕكَتِهٖ وَكُتُبِهٖ وَرُسُلِهٖ وَالۡيَوۡمِ الۡاٰخِرِ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ ضَلٰلًاۢ بَعِيۡدًا (۱۳۶)۔
O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), and the Book (the Qur’an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away. 136.
The purpose of sending the Messengers.
اِنَّاۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ كَمَاۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلٰى نُوۡحٍ وَّالنَّبِيّٖنَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِهٖۚ وَاَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلٰٓى اِبۡرٰهِيۡمَ وَاِسۡمٰعِيۡلَ وَاِسۡحٰقَ وَيَعۡقُوۡبَ وَالۡاَسۡبَاطِ وَعِيۡسٰى وَ اَيُّوۡبَ وَيُوۡنُسَ وَهٰرُوۡنَ وَسُلَيۡمٰنَ ۚ وَاٰتَيۡنَا دَاوٗدَ زَبُوۡرًا ۚ (۱۶۳) وَرُسُلًا قَدۡ قَصَصۡنٰهُمۡ عَلَيۡكَ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَرُسُلًا لَّمۡ نَقۡصُصۡهُمۡ عَلَيۡكَۚ وَكَلَّمَ اللّٰهُ مُوۡسٰى تَكۡلِيۡمًا ۚ (۱۶۴) رُسُلًا مُّبَشِّرِيۡنَ وَمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ لِئَلَّا يَكُوۡنَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللّٰهِ حُجَّةٌ ۢ بَعۡدَ الرُّسُلِؕ وَكَانَ اللّٰهُ عَزِيۡزًا حَكِيۡمًا (۱۶۵)۔
We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma’il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms. And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, – and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise. “163-165”
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا لِـيُـطَاعَ بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ۔
We sent not a messengers, but to be obeyed, in accordance with the will of Allah. 64.
مَا عَلَى الرَّسُوۡلِ اِلَّا الۡبَلٰغُ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ يَعۡلَمُ مَا تُبۡدُوۡنَ وَمَا تَكۡتُمُوۡنَ ﴿۹۹﴾۔
Not upon the Messenger is except [for] notification. And Allah knows whatever you reveal and whatever you conceal.99.
وَمَا نُرۡسِلُ الۡمُرۡسَلِيۡنَ اِلَّا مُبَشِّرِيۡنَ وَمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ ۚ وَيُجَادِلُ الَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوۡا بِالۡبَاطِلِ لِـيُدۡحِضُوۡا بِهِ الۡحَـقَّ وَاتَّخَذُوۡۤا اٰيٰتِىۡ وَمَاۤ اُنۡذِرُوۡا هُزُوًا ﴿۵۶﴾۔
And We send not the Messengers except as bringers of good tidings and warners. And those who disbelieve dispute by [using] falsehood to [attempt to] invalidate thereby the truth and have taken My verses, and that of which they are warned, in ridicule. “56”
The instrument of you ﷺ and all the Messengers.
رُسُلًا مِّنۡ قَبۡلِكَ وَ جَعَلۡنَا لَهُمۡ اَزۡوَاجًا وَّذُرِّيَّةً ؕ وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُوۡلٍ اَنۡ يَّاۡتِىَ بِاٰيَةٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ لِكُلِّ اَجَلٍ كِتَابٌ (۳۸) يَمۡحُوۡا اللّٰهُ مَا يَشَآءُ وَيُثۡبِتُ ۖ ۚ وَعِنۡدَهٗۤ اُمُّ الۡكِتٰبِ ﴿۳۹﴾۔
We did send messengers before thee, and appointed for them wives and children: and it was never the part of a messenger to bring a sign except as Allah permitted (or commanded). For each period is a Book (revealed). Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz) “38-39”
الۤرٰ ࣞ كِتٰبٌ اَنۡزَلۡنٰهُ اِلَيۡكَ لِـتُخۡرِجَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُمٰتِ اِلَى النُّوۡرِ ۙ بِاِذۡنِ رَبِّهِمۡ اِلٰى صِرَاطِ الۡعَزِيۡزِ الۡحَمِيۡدِۙ (۱) اللّٰهِ الَّذِىۡ لَهٗ مَا فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَمَا فِى الۡاَرۡضِؕ ﴿۲﴾۔
Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad ﷺ) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Islamic Monotheism) by their Lord’s Leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all Praise. Allah to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth! And woe unto the disbelievers from a severe torment. “1-2”
بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ وَالزُّبُرِؕ وَاَنۡزَلۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ الذِّكۡرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ اِلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۴۴﴾۔
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad ﷺ) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. “44”
كِتٰبٌ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَيۡكَ فَلَا يَكُنۡ فِىۡ صَدۡرِكَ حَرَجٌ مِّنۡهُ لِتُنۡذِرَ بِهٖ وَذِكۡرٰى لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِيۡنَ ﴿۲﴾۔
(This is the) Book (the Qur’an) sent down unto you (O Muhammad ﷺ), so let not your breast be narrow therefrom, that you warn thereby, and a reminder unto the believers. 2.
كَذٰلِكَ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ فِىۡۤ اُمَّةٍ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ مِنۡ قَبۡلِهَاۤ اُمَمٌ لِّـتَتۡلُوَا۟ عَلَيۡهِمُ الَّذِىۡۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ﴿۳۰﴾۔
Thus, have We sent you (O Muhammad ﷺ) to a community before whom other communities have passed away, in order that you might recite unto them what We have inspired to you. “30”
وَبِالۡحَـقِّ اَنۡزَلۡنٰهُ وَبِالۡحَـقِّ نَزَلَ ؕ وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ اِلَّا مُبَشِّرًا وَّنَذِيۡرًا ۘ ﴿۱۰۵﴾۔
And with the truth We have sent the Qur’an down, and with the truth it has descended. And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a bringer of good tidings and a warner.105.
Allah orders to Messenger to make his position clear.
قُلْ لَّاۤ اَقُوۡلُ لَـكُمۡ عِنۡدِىۡ خَزَآٮِٕنُ اللّٰهِ وَلَاۤ اَعۡلَمُ الۡغَيۡبَ وَلَاۤ اَقُوۡلُ لَـكُمۡ اِنِّىۡ مَلَكٌ ۚ اِنۡ اَتَّبِعُ اِلَّا مَا يُوۡحٰٓى اِلَىَّ ؕ قُلۡ هَلۡ يَسۡتَوِى الۡاَعۡمٰى وَالۡبَصِيۡرُ ؕ اَفَلَا تَتَفَكَّرُوۡنَ ﴿۵۰﴾۔
Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not tell you that I have the depositories [containing the provision] of Allah or that I know the unseen, nor do I tell you that I am an angel. I only follow what is revealed to me.” Say, “Is the blind equivalent to the seeing? Then will you not give thought?” ”50”
Surely the Messenger (prophet) is special. But they were human.
قُلۡ سُبۡحَانَ رَبِّىۡ هَلۡ كُنۡتُ اِلَّا بَشَرًا رَّسُوۡلًا (۹۳) وَمَا مَنَعَ النَّاسَ اَنۡ يُّؤۡمِنُوۡۤا اِذۡ جَآءَهُمُ الۡهُدٰٓى اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ قَالُـوۡۤا اَبَعَثَ اللّٰهُ بَشَرًا رَّسُوۡلًا ﴿۹۴﴾ قُلْ لَّوۡ كَانَ فِى الۡاَرۡضِ مَلٰۤٮِٕكَةٌ يَّمۡشُوۡنَ مُطۡمَٮِٕنِّيۡنَ لَـنَزَّلۡنَا عَلَيۡهِمۡ مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ مَلَـكًا رَّسُوۡلًا ﴿۹۵﴾۔
Say (O Muhammad ﷺ): “Glorified (and exalted) be my Lord (Allah) above all that evil they (polytheists) associate with Him! Am I anything but a man, sent as a Messenger?” And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: “Has Allah sent a man as (His) Messenger?” Say: “If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, we should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger.” “93-95”
اَللّٰهُ يَصۡطَفِىۡ مِنَ الۡمَلٰٓٮِٕكَةِ رُسُلًا وَّمِنَ النَّاسِؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَمِيۡعٌۢ بَصِيۡرٌ ۚ (۷۵) يَعۡلَمُ مَا بَيۡنَ اَيۡدِيۡهِمۡ وَمَا خَلۡفَهُمۡؕ وَاِلَى اللّٰهِ تُرۡجَعُ الۡاُمُوۡرُ ﴿۷۶﴾۔
Allah chooses Messengers from angels and from men. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.
That is, only Allah knows who is capable of making a messenger.
He knows what is before them, and what is behind them. And to Allah return all matters (for decision). “75-76”
وَلَقَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا رُسُلًا مِّنۡ قَبۡلِكَ وَ جَعَلۡنَا لَهُمۡ اَزۡوَاجًا وَّذُرِّيَّةً ؕ وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُوۡلٍ اَنۡ يَّاۡتِىَ بِاٰيَةٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ (۳۸) ۔
And We have already sent messengers before you and assigned to them wives and descendants. And it was not for a messenger to come with a sign except by permission of Allah. For every term is a decree.
قَالَتۡ لَهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ اِنۡ نَّحۡنُ اِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُكُمۡ وَلٰـكِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَمُنُّ عَلٰى مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهٖ ؕ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَاۤ اَنۡ نَّاۡتِيَكُمۡ بِسُلۡطٰنٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ وَعَلَى اللّٰهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾۔
Their Messengers said to them: “We are no more than human beings like you, but Allah bestows His Grace to whom He wills of His slaves. It is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the Permission of Allah. And in Allah (Alone) let the believers put their trust. “11”
وَلَٮِٕنۡ شِئۡنَا لَنَذۡهَبَنَّ بِالَّذِىۡۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُ لَـكَ بِهٖ عَلَيۡنَا وَكِيۡلًا ۙ (۸۶) اِلَّا رَحۡمَةً مِّنۡ رَّبِّكَ ؕ اِنَّ فَضۡلَهٗ كَانَ عَلَيۡكَ كَبِيۡرًا ﴿۸۷﴾۔
And if We willed, we could surely take away that which We have revealed to you by inspiration (i.e., this Qur’an). Then you would find no protector for you against Us in that respect. Except as a Mercy from your Lord. Verily! His Grace unto you (O Muhammad ﷺ) is ever great. “86-87”
Messengers were chosen in their national language only.
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوۡمِهٖ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمۡؕ فَيُضِلُّ اللّٰهُ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ وَيَهۡدِىۡ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ ؕ وَهُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡحَكِيۡمُ ﴿۴﴾۔
And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”4″
Messengers (A.S) conveyed the message of Allah to every nation of the world.
وَكَذٰلِكَ مَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ فِىۡ قَرۡيَةٍ مِّنۡ نَّذِيۡرٍ اِلَّا قَالَ مُتۡرَفُوۡهَاۤ اِنَّا وَجَدۡنَاۤ اٰبَآءَنَا عَلٰٓى اُمَّةٍ وَّاِنَّا عَلٰٓى اٰثٰرِهِمۡ مُّقۡتَدُوۡنَ (۲۳) قٰلَ اَوَلَوۡ جِئۡتُكُمۡ بِاَهۡدٰى مِمَّا وَجَدْتُّمۡ عَلَيۡهِ اٰبَآءَكُمۡ ؕ قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّا بِمَاۤ اُرۡسِلۡـتُمۡ بِهٖ كٰفِرُوۡنَ (۲۴) فَانْتَقَمۡنَا مِنۡهُمۡ فَانْظُرۡ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الۡمُكَذِّبِيۡنَ (۲۵)۔
And similarly, we did not send before you any warner into a city except that its affluent said, “Indeed, we found our fathers upon a religion, and we are, in their footsteps, following.” [Each warner] said, “Even if I brought you better guidance than that [religion] upon which you found your fathers?” They said, “Indeed we, in that with which you were sent, are disbelievers.” So, we took retribution from them; then see how was the end of the deniers.23-25”
Prophethood was given only to men.
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا قَبۡلَكَ اِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِمۡ فَسۡـــَٔلُوۡۤا اَهۡلَ الذِّكۡرِ اِنۡ كُنۡتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ (۷) وَمَا جَعَلۡنٰهُمۡ جَسَدًا لَّا يَاۡكُلُوۡنَ الطَّعَامَ وَمَا كَانُوۡا خٰلِدِيۡنَ ﴿۸﴾۔
And We sent not before you (O Muhammad ﷺ) but men to whom We inspired, so ask the people of the Reminder [Scriptures – the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel)] if you do not know. And We did not create them (the Messengers, with) bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortals, “7-8”
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ اِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِمۡ فَسۡـــَٔلُوۡۤا اَهۡلَ الذِّكۡرِ اِنۡ كُنۡتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَۙ (۴۳)۔
And We sent not (as Our Messengers) before you (O Muhammad ﷺ) any but men, whom We inspired, (to preach and invite mankind to believe in the Oneness of Allah). So, ask of those who know the Scripture [learned men of the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], if you know not. With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers).
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ اِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِمۡ مِّنۡ اَهۡلِ الۡقُرٰىؕ ﴿۱۰۹﴾۔
And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men, whom We inspired from among the people of townships. “109”
Messengers are also ordered to follow the revelations revealed to them.
اِتَّبِعۡ مَاۤ اُوۡحِىَ اِلَيۡكَ مِنۡ رَّبِّكَۚ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَۚ وَاَعۡرِضۡ عَنِ الۡمُشۡرِكِيۡنَ (۱۰۶) ۔
Follow, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you from your Lord – there is no deity except Him – and turn away from those who associate others with Allah.
Messengers are not responsible for their community.
وَلَوۡ شَآءَ اللّٰهُ مَاۤ اَشۡرَكُوۡا ؕ وَمَا جَعَلۡنٰكَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ حَفِيۡظًا ۚ وَمَاۤ اَنۡتَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ بِوَكِيۡلٍ ﴿۱۰۷﴾۔
But if Allah had willed, they would not have associated. And We have not appointed you over them as a guardian, nor are you a manager over them.
قَدۡ جَآءَكُمۡ بَصَآٮِٕرُ مِنۡ رَّبِّكُمۡ ۚ فَمَنۡ اَبۡصَرَ فَلِنَفۡسِهٖ ۚ وَمَنۡ عَمِىَ فَعَلَيۡهَا ؕ وَمَاۤ اَنَا عَلَيۡكُمۡ بِحَفِيۡظٍ ﴿۱۰۴﴾۔
There has come to your enlightenment from your Lord. So, whoever will see does so for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever is blind [does harm] against it. And [say], “I am not a guardian over you.”
وَاَنۡ اَتۡلُوَا الۡقُرۡاٰنَۚ فَمَنِ اهۡتَدٰى فَاِنَّمَا يَهۡتَدِىۡ لِنَفۡسِهٖۚ وَمَنۡ ضَلَّ فَقُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا مِنَ الۡمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ ﴿۹۲﴾۔
And to recite the Qur’an, so whosoever receives guidance, receives it for the good of his ownself, and whosoever goes astray, say (to him): “I am only one of the warners.” “92”
[A] Worldly Headship of Messengers: –
To guide people on the path of guidance.
وَقَالُوۡا لَوۡلَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ عَلَيۡهِ اٰيٰتٌ مِّنۡ رَّبِّهٖؕ قُلۡ اِنَّمَا الۡاٰيٰتُ عِنۡدَ اللّٰه ِؕ وَاِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا۟ نَذِيۡرٌ مُّبِيۡنٌ ﴿۵۰﴾۔
And they say: “Why are not signs sent down to him from his Lord? Say: “The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner.” “50”
قُلۡ اِنۡ ضَلَلۡتُ فَاِنَّمَاۤ اَضِلُّ عَلٰى نَـفۡسِىۡ ۚ وَاِنِ اهۡتَدَيۡتُ فَبِمَا يُوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَىَّ رَبِّىۡ ؕ اِنَّهٗ سَمِيۡعٌ قَرِيۡبٌ ﴿۵۰﴾۔
Say: “If (even) I go astray, I shall stray only to my own loss. But if I remain guided, it is because of the Inspiration of my Lord to me. Truly, He is All-Hearer, Ever Near (to all things).” “50”
كَذٰلِكَ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ فِىۡۤ اُمَّةٍ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ مِنۡ قَبۡلِهَاۤ اُمَمٌ لِّـتَتۡلُوَا۟ عَلَيۡهِمُ الَّذِىۡۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ وَ هُمۡ يَكۡفُرُوۡنَ بِالرَّحۡمٰنِؕ قُلۡ هُوَ رَبِّىۡ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ ۚ عَلَيۡهِ تَوَكَّلۡتُ وَاِلَيۡهِ مَتَابِ ﴿۳۰﴾۔
Thus, have We sent you to a community before which [other] communities have passed on so you might recite to them that which We revealed to you, while they disbelieve in the Most Merciful. Say, “He is my Lord; there is no deity except Him. Upon Him I rely, and to Him is my return.” “30”
وَمَا نُرۡسِلُ الۡمُرۡسَلِيۡنَ اِلَّا مُبَشِّرِيۡنَ وَمُنۡذِرِيۡنَۚ فَمَنۡ اٰمَنَ وَاَصۡلَحَ فَلَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يَحۡزَنُوۡنَ﴿۴۸﴾۔
And We send not messengers but as announcers of good news and givers of warning, then whoever believes and acts aright, they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.”48″
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا لِـيُـطَاعَ بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ۔
And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah.
هٰذَا نَذِيۡرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الۡاُوۡلٰٓى ﴿۵۶﴾۔
This [Prophet] is a warner like the former warners.
That is, Muhammad ﷺ is also a messenger like the previous messengers.
2. People to their true Lord! To recognize God alone.
اللّٰهُ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ الۡحَـىُّ الۡقَيُّوۡمُ ۚ لَا تَاۡخُذُهٗ سِنَةٌ وَّلَا نَوۡمٌؕ لَهٗ مَا فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَمَا فِى الۡاَرۡضِؕ مَنۡ ذَا الَّذِىۡ يَشۡفَعُ عِنۡدَهٗۤ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِهٖؕ يَعۡلَمُ مَا بَيۡنَ اَيۡدِيۡهِمۡ وَمَا خَلۡفَهُمۡۚ وَلَا يُحِيۡطُوۡنَ بِشَىۡءٍ مِّنۡ عِلۡمِهٖۤ اِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُرۡسِيُّهُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضَۚ وَلَا يَـــُٔوۡدُهٗ حِفۡظُهُمَا ۚ وَ هُوَ الۡعَلِىُّ الۡعَظِيۡمُ ﴿۲۵۵﴾۔
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
لِـتَتۡلُوَا۟ عَلَيۡهِمُ الَّذِىۡۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ وَ هُمۡ يَكۡفُرُوۡنَ بِالرَّحۡمٰنِؕ قُلۡ هُوَ رَبِّىۡ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَۚ عَلَيۡهِ تَوَكَّلۡتُ وَاِلَيۡهِ مَتَابِ ﴿۳۰﴾۔
Thus, have We sent you to a community before which [other] communities have passed on so you might recite to them that which We revealed to you, while they disbelieve in the Most Merciful. Say, “He is my Lord; there is no deity except Him. Upon Him I rely, and to Him is my return.”
قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُكُمۡ يُوۡحٰٓى اِلَىَّ اَنَّمَاۤ اِلٰهُكُمۡ اِلٰـهٌ وَّاحِدٌ ۚ فَمَنۡ كَانَ يَرۡجُوۡالِقَآءَ رَبِّهٖ فَلۡيَـعۡمَلۡ عَمَلًا صَالِحًـاوَّلَايُشۡرِكۡ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهٖۤ اَحَدًا ﴿۱۱۰﴾۔
Say (O Muhammad ﷺ): “I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e., Allah). So, whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” “110”
الٓرٰ ࣞ كِتٰبٌ اُحۡكِمَتۡ اٰيٰـتُهٗ ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتۡ مِنۡ لَّدُنۡ حَكِيۡمٍ خَبِيۡرٍۙ (۱) اَلَّا تَعۡبُدُوۡۤا اِلَّا اللّٰهَ ؕ اِنَّنِىۡ لَـكُمۡ مِّنۡهُ نَذِيۡرٌ وَّبَشِيۡرٌ ۙ (۲) ۔
Alif, Lam, Ra. [This is] a Book whose verses are perfected and then presented in detail from [one who is] Wise and Acquainted. [Through a messenger, saying], “Do not worship except Allah. Indeed, I am to you from Him a warner and a bringer of good tidings,”
3. Delivering Allah’s commands and rules.
يٰۤـاَيُّهَا الرَّسُوۡلُ بَلِّغۡ مَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ اِلَيۡكَ مِنۡ رَّبِّكَ ؕ وَاِنۡ لَّمۡ تَفۡعَلۡ فَمَا بَلَّغۡتَ رِسٰلَـتَهٗ ؕ﴿۶۷﴾۔
O Messenger! deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message.
4. To establish justice and fairness.
لَـقَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا رُسُلَنَا بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ وَاَنۡزَلۡنَا مَعَهُمُ الۡكِتٰبَ وَالۡمِيۡزَانَ لِيَقُوۡمَ النَّاسُ بِالۡقِسۡطِ ۚ ﴿۲۵﴾۔
We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. “25”
(B) Headship of Messengers in the Hereafter: –
1. There will be no excuse for ignorance of Islam on the Day of God.
اِنَّاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ بِالۡحَـقِّ بَشِيۡرًا وَّنَذِيۡرًاؕ وَاِنۡ مِّنۡ اُمَّةٍ اِلَّا خَلَا فِيۡهَا نَذِيۡرٌ (۲۴) وَاِنۡ يُّكَذِّبُوۡكَ فَقَدۡ كَذَّبَ الَّذِيۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِهِمۡۚ جَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ وَبِالزُّبُرِ وَبِالۡكِتٰبِ الۡمُنِيۡرِ ﴿۲۵﴾۔
Verily! We have sent you with the truth, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them. And if they belie you, those before them also belied. Their Messengers came to them with clear signs, and with the Scriptures, and the book giving light. “24-25”
2. Prophet as a witness for conveying the message of Allah to the people.
وَاِذۡ اَخَذۡنَا مِنَ النَّبِيّٖنَ مِيۡثَاقَهُمۡ وَمِنۡكَ وَمِنۡ نُّوۡحٍ وَّاِبۡرٰهِيۡمَ وَمُوۡسٰى وَعِيۡسَى ابۡنِ مَرۡيَمَ ࣕ وَاَخَذۡنَا مِنۡهُمۡ مِّيۡثاقًا غَلِيۡظًا ۙ ﴿۷﴾ لِّيَسۡئَلَ الصّٰدِقِيۡنَ عَنۡ صِدۡقِهِمۡۚ (۸)۔
And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant. That He may question the truthful about their truth.
فَكَيۡـفَ اِذَا جِئۡـنَا مِنۡ كُلِّ اُمَّةٍ ۭ بِشَهِيۡدٍ وَّجِئۡـنَا بِكَ عَلٰى هٰٓؤُلَاۤءِ شَهِيۡدًا ؕ ﴿۴۱﴾ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ يَّوَدُّ الَّذِيۡنَ كَفَرُوۡا وَعَصَوُا الرَّسُوۡلَ لَوۡ تُسَوّٰى بِهِمُ الۡاَرۡضُ ؕ وَلَا يَكۡتُمُوۡنَ اللّٰهَ حَدِيۡـثًا ﴿۴۲﴾۔
So how [will it be] when We bring from every nation a witness and we bring you, [O Muhammad] against these [people] as a witness? That Day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish they could be covered by the earth. And they will not conceal from Allah a [single] statement.
وَيَوۡمَ نَـبۡعَثُ فِىۡ كُلِّ اُمَّةٍ شَهِيۡدًا عَلَيۡهِمۡ مِّنۡ اَنۡفُسِهِمۡ وَجِئۡنَا بِكَ شَهِيۡدًا عَلٰى هٰٓؤُلَاۤءِ ؕ وَنَزَّلۡنَا عَلَيۡكَ الۡـكِتٰبَ تِبۡيَانًا لِّـكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ وَّ هُدًى وَّرَحۡمَةً وَّبُشۡرٰى لِلۡمُسۡلِمِيۡنَ﴿۸۹﴾۔
And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect among every nation a witness over them from themselves. And We will bring you, [O Muhammad], as a witness over your nation. And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.
وَكَذٰلِكَ جَعَلۡنٰكُمۡ اُمَّةً وَّسَطًا لِّتَکُوۡنُوۡا شُهَدَآءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُوۡنَ الرَّسُوۡلُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ شَهِيۡدًا ﴿۱۴۳﴾۔
And thus, we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you.
God will question the prophets. That the promise was taken from him. Was my message conveyed to the people according to that? And the Prophet will bear witness, verily (of course) We had delivered. And the witnesses of the former prophets will be Allah’s Messenger Muhammad ﷺ and his Ummah. Because you ﷺ and Ummah Mohammadiya will confirm the commands of Allah to the Prophets from the Qur’an. And being the last prophet and ummah (community) on earth, he will observe the ummah of all the prophets.
اِنَّاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ شَاهِدًا وَّمُبَشِّرًا وَّنَذِيۡرًا (۸) لِّـتُؤۡمِنُوۡا بِاللّٰهِ وَ رَسُوۡلِهٖ وَتُعَزِّرُوۡهُ وَتُوَقِّرُوۡهُ ؕ وَتُسَبِّحُوۡهُ بُكۡرَةً وَّاَصِيۡلًا ﴿۹﴾۔
Verily, we have sent you (O Muhammad ﷺ) as a witness, as a bearer of glad tidings, and as a warner. That you [people] may believe in Allah and His Messenger and honor him and respect the Prophet and exalt Allah morning and afternoon. “8-9”
اِنَّاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنٰكَ بِالۡحَـقِّ بَشِيۡرًا وَّنَذِيۡرًاؕ وَاِنۡ مِّنۡ اُمَّةٍ اِلَّا خَلَا فِيۡهَا نَذِيۡرٌ ﴿۲۴﴾۔
Indeed, we have sent you as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner with the truth. And there was not a nation that did not have an intimidator passing through it.
3. Intercession of the prophets for the ummahs (communities).
اللّٰهُ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ الۡحَـىُّ الۡقَيُّوۡمُ ۚ لَا تَاۡخُذُهٗ سِنَةٌ وَّلَا نَوۡمٌؕ لَهٗ مَا فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَمَا فِى الۡاَرۡضِؕ مَنۡ ذَا الَّذِىۡ يَشۡفَعُ عِنۡدَهٗۤ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِهٖ ﴿۲۵۵﴾۔
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
وَلَا تَنۡفَعُ الشَّفَاعَةُ عِنۡدَهٗۤ اِلَّا لِمَنۡ اَذِنَ لَهٗ ؕ ﴿۲۳﴾۔
And intercession with God will not be beneficial. But for that, of which he allows.
There is no use of force in religion.
لَاۤ اِكۡرَاهَ فِى الدِّيۡنِ ۙ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشۡدُ مِنَ الۡغَىِّ ۚ فَمَنۡ يَّكۡفُرۡ بِالطَّاغُوۡتِ وَيُؤۡمِنۡۢ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدِ اسۡتَمۡسَكَ بِالۡعُرۡوَةِ الۡوُثۡقٰىࣗ لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا ؕ وَاللّٰهُ سَمِيۡعٌ عَلِيۡمٌ ﴿۲۵۶﴾۔
There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So, whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
نَحۡنُ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يَقُوۡلُوۡنَ وَمَاۤ اَنۡتَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ بِجَـبَّارٍ ࣞ فَذَكِّرۡ بِالۡقُرۡاٰنِ مَنۡ يَّخَافُ وَعِيۡدِ ﴿۴۵﴾۔
We are most knowing of what they say, and you are not over them a tyrant. But remind by the Qur’an whoever fears My threat.
A sunnat from start to finish. But the update in Law & Order.
وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا نُوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِ اَنَّهٗ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّاۤ اَنَا فَاعۡبُدُوۡنِ (۲۵)۔
And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad ﷺ) but We inspired him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).”25″
سُنَّةَ مَنۡ قَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا قَبۡلَكَ مِنۡ رُّسُلِنَا وَلَا تَجِدُ لِسُنَّتِنَا تَحۡوِيۡلًا (۷۷)۔
Those whom We have sent from among Our Messengers before you, the same rules for have been there (One God who has no partner). And you won’t find any change in our rules. (77)
مَا يُقَالُ لَـكَ اِلَّا مَا قَدۡ قِيۡلَ لِلرُّسُلِ مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ ؕ اِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَذُوۡ مَغۡفِرَةٍ وَّذُوۡ عِقَابٍ اَ لِيۡمٍ ﴿۴۳﴾۔
Nothing is said to you, [O Muhammad], except what was already said to the messengers before you. Indeed, your Lord is a possessor of forgiveness and a possessor of painful penalty.
اِقۡتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَابُهُمۡ وَهُمۡ فِىۡ غَفۡلَةٍ مُّعۡرِضُوۡنَۚ (۱) مَا يَاۡتِيۡهِمۡ مِّنۡ ذِكۡرٍ مِّنۡ رَّبِّہِمۡ مُّحۡدَثٍ اِلَّا اسۡتَمَعُوۡهُ وَهُمۡ يَلۡعَبُوۡنَۙ (۲)۔
[The time of] their account has approached for the people, while they are in heedlessness turning away. No mention comes to them anew from their Lord except that they listen to it while they are at play.
[That is, the religion that came upon you ﷺ, the same came upon all the Messengers (prophets) in the past. That while purifying your religion, worship one God.]
وَلَقَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا رُسُلًا مِّنۡ قَبۡلِكَ وَ جَعَلۡنَا لَهُمۡ اَزۡوَاجًا وَّذُرِّيَّةً ؕ وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُوۡلٍ اَنۡ يَّاۡتِىَ بِاٰيَةٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ لِكُلِّ اَجَلٍ كِتَابٌ (۳۸) يَمۡحُوۡا اللّٰهُ مَا يَشَآءُ وَيُثۡبِتُ ۖ ۚ وَعِنۡدَهٗۤ اُمُّ الۡكِتٰبِ ﴿۳۹﴾۔
And We have already sent messengers before you and assigned to them wives and descendants. And it was not for a messenger to come with a sign except by permission of Allah. For every term is a decree. Allah eliminates what He wills or confirms, and with Him is the mother of the Book.
Requirements change over time. People’s crimes and crime patterns keep changing. Punishments also change. New laws are made. And among all these, the court has the right to decide from the beginning to the end. Ultimately, the one who accepts the change succeeds or else it ceases to exist.
That is why Allah updated the Shari’ah according to time and need, maintaining a ‘Sunnah’ i.e. Truth [One God Who has no partner] for all Prophets. And when God felt the need, He sent the scriptures and books to the prophets with the new law. The point here is that not every prophet received scripture or book. Rather, it is found only at the time of need.
Now it has become clear that from the first Prophet Hazrat Adam (A.S) to the last Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, there is a duty on the communities. that to conquer the goal of success by happily accepting the new law of God Almighty (which is in accordance with that time). Otherwise, the law revealed to the Prophet before this period, which has become obsolete with the passage of time, will divert him from the path of Allah.
Surely Allah loves them. Those who think and move towards God. (Q-29: 69).