Way of Allah’s Messengers

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رَّبِّ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ مِنۡ ھَمَزٰتِ الشَّیٰطِیۡنِ ۙ وَ اَعُوۡذُ بِکَ رَبِّ اَنۡ یَّحۡضُرُوۡن ؕ ۔

بِسۡمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِۙ۔

The purpose of sending the Prophets and revelations.

اِنَّاۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ كَمَاۤ اَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلٰى نُوۡحٍ وَّالنَّبِيّٖنَ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِهٖ‌ۚ وَاَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلٰٓى اِبۡرٰهِيۡمَ وَاِسۡمٰعِيۡلَ وَاِسۡحٰقَ وَيَعۡقُوۡبَ وَالۡاَسۡبَاطِ وَعِيۡسٰى وَاَيُّوۡبَ   وَيُوۡنُسَ وَهٰرُوۡنَ وَسُلَيۡمٰنَ‌  ۚ  وَاٰتَيۡنَا دَاوٗدَ زَبُوۡرًا  ۚ (۱۶۳)  وَرُسُلًا قَدۡ قَصَصۡنٰهُمۡ عَلَيۡكَ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَرُسُلًا لَّمۡ نَقۡصُصۡهُمۡ عَلَيۡكَ‌ۚ  وَكَلَّمَ اللّٰهُ مُوۡسٰى تَكۡلِيۡمًا  ۚ‏ (۱۶۴)  رُسُلًا مُّبَشِّرِيۡنَ وَمُنۡذِرِيۡنَ لِئَلَّا يَكُوۡنَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللّٰهِ حُجَّةٌ ۢ بَعۡدَ الرُّسُلِ‌ؕ وَكَانَ اللّٰهُ عَزِيۡزًا حَكِيۡمًا‏ (۱۶۵)۔

[Q-4:163-165]

          Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. And we revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Descendants, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the book of Psalms. And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you, – and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly. Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise. 163-165”


يٰبَنِىۡۤ اٰدَمَ اِمَّا يَاۡتِيَنَّكُمۡ رُسُلٌ مِّنۡكُمۡ يَقُصُّوۡنَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ اٰيٰتِىۡ‌ۙ فَمَنِ اتَّقٰى وَاَصۡلَحَ فَلَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يَحۡزَنُوۡنَ‏ (۳۵)  وَالَّذِيۡنَ كَذَّبُوۡا بِاٰيٰتِنَا وَاسۡتَكۡبَرُوۡا عَنۡهَاۤ اُولٰۤٮِٕكَ اَصۡحٰبُ النَّارِ‌ۚ هُمۡ فِيۡهَا خٰلِدُوۡنَ‏ (۳۶)۔

[Q-07:35-36]

             O Children of Adam! If there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting to you, My Verses, then whosoever becomes pious and righteous, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 35. But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire, they will abide therein forever. 36. 

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The Prophets conveyed the message of Allah to every community of the world.

وَكَذٰلِكَ مَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ فِىۡ قَرۡيَةٍ مِّنۡ نَّذِيۡرٍ اِلَّا قَالَ مُتۡرَفُوۡهَاۤ اِنَّا وَجَدۡنَاۤ اٰبَآءَنَا عَلٰٓى اُمَّةٍ وَّاِنَّا عَلٰٓى اٰثٰرِهِمۡ مُّقۡتَدُوۡنَ‏ (۲۳)  قٰلَ اَوَلَوۡ جِئۡتُكُمۡ بِاَهۡدٰى مِمَّا وَجَدْتُّمۡ عَلَيۡهِ اٰبَآءَكُمۡ‌ ؕ قَالُوۡۤا اِنَّا بِمَاۤ اُرۡسِلۡـتُمۡ بِهٖ كٰفِرُوۡنَ‏ (۲۴)  فَانْتَقَمۡنَا مِنۡهُمۡ‌ فَانْظُرۡ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الۡمُكَذِّبِيۡنَ (۲۵)۔

[Q-43:23-25]

               And similarly, We did not send before you any warner into a city except that its affluent said, “Indeed, we found our fathers upon a religion, and we are, in their footsteps, following.” [Each warner] said, “Even if I brought you better guidance than that [religion] upon which you found your fathers?” They said, “Indeed we, in that with which you were sent, are disbelievers.” So we took retribution from them; then see how was the end of the deniers.23-25”

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The prophet of each ummah was chosen from among them.

وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوۡمِهٖ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمۡ‌ؕ فَيُضِلُّ اللّٰهُ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ وَيَهۡدِىۡ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ‌ ؕ وَهُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡحَكِيۡمُ‏ (۴)۔

[Q-14:04]

            And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. 4


قَالَتۡ لَهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ اِنۡ نَّحۡنُ اِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُكُمۡ وَلٰـكِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَمُنُّ عَلٰى مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهٖ ؕ  وَمَا كَانَ لَنَاۤ اَنۡ نَّاۡتِيَكُمۡ بِسُلۡطٰنٍ اِلَّا بِاِذۡنِ اللّٰهِ ؕ  وَعَلَى اللّٰهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ‏ (۱۱)۔

[Q-14:11]

            Their Messengers said to them: “We are no more than human beings like you, but Allah bestows His Grace to whom He wills of His slaves. It is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the Permission of Allah. And in Allah (Alone) let the believers put their trust. 11”

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Allah makes all the prophets accountable to their Ummah.

وَاِذۡ اَخَذۡنَا مِنَ النَّبِيّٖنَ مِيۡثَاقَهُمۡ وَمِنۡكَ وَمِنۡ نُّوۡحٍ وَّاِبۡرٰهِيۡمَ وَمُوۡسٰى وَعِيۡسَى ابۡنِ مَرۡيَمَ ࣕ وَاَخَذۡنَا مِنۡهُمۡ مِّيۡثاقًا غَلِيۡظًا ۙ‏ ﴿۷﴾  لِّيَسۡئَلَ الصّٰدِقِيۡنَ عَنۡ صِدۡقِهِمۡ‌ۚ  (۸)۔

[Q-33:7-8]

             And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad ﷺ), and from Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant. 7. That He may ask the truthfuls (Allah’s Messengers and His Prophets) about their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allah’s Message that which they were charged with).8

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All the prophets were men.

وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ اِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِمۡ مِّنۡ اَهۡلِ الۡقُرٰى‌ؕ (۱۰۹)۔

[Q-12:109]

           And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men, whom We inspired from among the people of townships. 109. 


 وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ اِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِمۡ‌ فَسۡـــَٔلُوۡۤا اَهۡلَ الذِّكۡرِ اِنۡ كُنۡتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُوۡنَۙ‏ (۴۳)  بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ وَالزُّبُرِ‌ؕ وَاَنۡزَلۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ الذِّكۡرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ اِلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُوۡنَ‏ (۴۴)۔

[Q-16:43-44]

             And We sent not (as Our Messengers) before you (O Muhammad ﷺ) any but men, whom We inspired, (to preach and invite mankind to believe in the Oneness of Allah). So ask of those who know the Scripture [learned men of the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], if you know not. 43. With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad ﷺ) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. 44. 

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There is only one message of Allah from Adam to Muhammad ﷺ.

سُنَّةَ مَنۡ قَدۡ اَرۡسَلۡنَا قَبۡلَكَ مِنۡ رُّسُلِنَا‌ وَلَا تَجِدُ لِسُنَّتِنَا تَحۡوِيۡلًا (۷۷)۔

[Q-17:77]

              (This was Our) Sunnah (rule or way) with the Messengers We sent before you (O Muhammad ﷺ), and you will not find any alteration in Our Sunnah (rule or way, etc.). 77. 


وَمَاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ مِنۡ رَّسُوۡلٍ اِلَّا نُوۡحِىۡۤ اِلَيۡهِ اَنَّهٗ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّاۤ اَنَا فَاعۡبُدُوۡنِ‏ (۲۵)۔

[Q-21:25]

             And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad ﷺ) but We inspired him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).”25”


مَا يُقَالُ لَـكَ اِلَّا مَا قَدۡ قِيۡلَ لِلرُّسُلِ مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَ ‌ؕ اِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَذُوۡ مَغۡفِرَةٍ وَّذُوۡ عِقَابٍ اَ لِيۡمٍ‏ ﴿۴۳﴾۔

[Q-41:43]

            Nothing is said to you, [O Muhammad], except what was already said to the messengers before you. Indeed, your Lord is a possessor of forgiveness and a possessor of painful penalty.43.


اِقۡتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَابُهُمۡ وَهُمۡ فِىۡ غَفۡلَةٍ مُّعۡرِضُوۡنَ‌ۚ‏ (۱)  مَا يَاۡتِيۡهِمۡ مِّنۡ ذِكۡرٍ مِّنۡ رَّبِّہِمۡ مُّحۡدَثٍ اِلَّا اسۡتَمَعُوۡهُ وَهُمۡ يَلۡعَبُوۡنَۙ‏ (۲)۔

[Q-21:1-2]

                Draws near for mankind their reckoning, while they turn away in heedlessness.1. Comes not unto them an admonition (a chapter of the Qur’an) from their Lord as a recent revelation but they listen to it while they play, 2. 

          [That is, the religion that came upon you, the same religion came on all the angels (prophets) in the past. That you should purify your religion and worship one God]


يٰۤاَيُّهَا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اٰمِنُوۡا بِاللّٰهِ وَرَسُوۡلِهٖ وَالۡكِتٰبِ الَّذِىۡ نَزَّلَ عَلٰى رَسُوۡلِهٖ وَالۡكِتٰبِ الَّذِىۡۤ اَنۡزَلَ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ‌ؕ وَمَنۡ يَّكۡفُرۡ بِاللّٰهِ وَمَلٰٓٮِٕكَتِهٖ وَكُتُبِهٖ وَرُسُلِهٖ وَالۡيَوۡمِ الۡاٰخِرِ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ ضَلٰلًاۢ بَعِيۡدًا‏ (۱۳۶)۔

[Q-04:136]

            O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), and the Book (the Qur’an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away. 136. 


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